UUID Versions#

Special#

Nil UUID#

Arokettu\Uuid\NilUuid

{00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000}

Nil UUID as described in the RFC 4122. The class can be constructed directly, its constructor does not accept any parameters.

Max UUID#

Arokettu\Uuid\MaxUuid

{ffffffff-ffff-ffff-ffff-ffffffffffff}

Max UUID as described in the RFC 4122 update. The class can be constructed directly, its constructor does not accept any parameters.

Generic UUID#

Arokettu\Uuid\GenericUuid

Any UUID that is not Nil, Max or RFC 4122 and is not marked as ULID will be parsed to this class.

The class can also be initialized directly with any 32 hexadecimal digits. (Obviously, the class will not be cast to a version class in case the data happen to be a valid version or special UUID)

RFC 4122#

Variant 10xx versions described in the RFC 4122 and in the update draft.

Any class can be initialized directly by 32 hexadecimal digits but the correct variant and version bits must be set.

Version 1#

Arokettu\Uuid\UuidV1.

The class implements TimeBasedUuid interface. UUIDv1 timestamp is measured to 100 nsec precision which is more than DateTime can handle therefore the returned value will be truncated by one decimal. The range is 1582-10-15 00:00:00.0 +00:005236-03-31 21:21:00.684697 +00:00.

UUIDv1 can be rearranged without loss of any data and precision into a lexicographically monotonic UUIDv6. Use the toUuidV6() method for that:

<?php

use Arokettu\Uuid\UuidParser;

$uuid1 = UuidParser::fromString('6ba7b811-9dad-11d1-80b4-00c04fd430c8');
$uuid6 = $uuid1->toUuidV6();
var_dump($uuid6->toString()); // 1d19dad6-ba7b-6811-80b4-00c04fd430c8

Version 2#

New in version 2.3: getDomain() and getIdentifier()

Arokettu\Uuid\UuidV2.

“DCE security” legacy UUID. Preferably they should never be used.

The class implements TimeBasedUuid interface with 429’496’729’600 nsec precision (approximately 7 minutes) due to truncated timestamp field compared to V1. The range is 1582-10-15 00:00:00.0 +00:005236-03-31 21:13:51.187968 +00:00.

The library allows you to retrieve domain and identifier values:

<?php

use Arokettu\Uuid\UuidParser;

$uuid = UuidParser::fromString('000004d2-92e8-21ed-8100-3fdb0085247e');

var_dump($uuid->getDomain()); // 0
var_dump($uuid->getIdentifier()); // 1234

Warning

Identifier is an unsigned 32-bit value, it is possible to get an overflow error on a 32-bit system.

Version 3#

Arokettu\Uuid\UuidV3.

MD5 based namespace UUID.

Version 4#

Arokettu\Uuid\UuidV4.

Random UUID. This is the recommended version if you don’t need monotonicity.

Version 5#

Arokettu\Uuid\UuidV5.

SHA1 based namespace UUID.

Version 6#

Arokettu\Uuid\UuidV6.

Basically a rearrangement of UUIDv1 fields. They are mostly useful as a conversion from UUIDv1.

The class implements TimeBasedUuid interface. UUIDv1 timestamp is measured to 100 nsec precision which is more than DateTime can handle therefore the returned value will be truncated by one decimal. The range is 1582-10-15 00:00:00.0 +00:005236-03-31 21:21:00.684697 +00:00.

UUIDv6 can be rearranged without loss of any data and precision into a legacy UUIDv1. Use the toUuidV1() method for that:

<?php

use Arokettu\Uuid\UuidParser;

$uuid6 = UuidParser::fromString('1d19dad6-ba7b-6811-80b4-00c04fd430c8');
$uuid1 = $uuid6->toUuidV1();
var_dump($uuid1->toString()); // 6ba7b811-9dad-11d1-80b4-00c04fd430c8

Version 7#

Arokettu\Uuid\UuidV7.

A lexicographically monotonic version. This is the recommended version if you do need monotonicity.

UUIDv7 was designed after ULID and shares the timestamp structure with it.

The class implements TimeBasedUuid interface with millisecond precision in range 1970-01-01 00:00:00 +00:0010889-08-02 05:31:50.655 +00:00.

UUIDv7 without any bit change can be converted to a ULID. Use toUlid() for that:

<?php

use Arokettu\Uuid\UuidParser;

$uuid = UuidParser::fromString('01890974-6a48-7580-b4c2-bf9acde79240');
$ulid = $uuid->toUlid();
var_dump($ulid->toString());    // 01H44Q8TJ8EP0B9GNZKB6YF4J0
var_dump($ulid->toRfc4122());   // 01890974-6a48-7580-b4c2-bf9acde79240

Version 8#

Arokettu\Uuid\UuidV8.

This is a special version for custom UUIDs. The class can be extended:

<?php

readonly class UuidExtended extends UuidV8
{
    protected function customAssertValid(string $hex): void
    {
        // validate your UUID as you like
    }

    // extend your UUID as you like
}

You will need a custom parser to detect your extended UUIDs.

ULID#

Arokettu\Uuid\Ulid.

ULID is a different type of identifiers as described in the ULID spec, but since it has similarities to UUID like 128-bit length, was designed to solve basically same problem, and shares its timestamp structure with UUIDv7, it was included in the library as “a very custom UUID”.

Since the format lacks any indication bits, the class can be initialized directly with any 32 hexadecimal digits.

The class implements TimeBasedUuid interface with millisecond precision in range 1970-01-01 00:00:00 +00:0010889-08-02 05:31:50.655 +00:00.

ULID can be converted into UUIDv7 but there are caveats. The isUuidV7Compatible() method can be used to check if the ULID is binary compatible with UUIDv7. The factory in this library provides a UUIDv7-compatible ULID generator. The toUuidV7() call can be used to convert compatible ULIDs. The toUuidV7(lossy: true) call can be used to convert any ULID by forcing variant and version bits. You can do it at your own risk if you used ULIDs and then decided to move to a more standard and supported approach.

<?php

use Arokettu\Uuid\UuidParser;

// ULID that was converted from UUIDv7
$ulid = UuidParser::fromBase32('01H44Q8TJ8EP0B9GNZKB6YF4J0');
var_dump($ulid->isUuidV7Compatible());  // true
$uuid = $ulid->toUuidV7();
var_dump($uuid->toString());    // 01890974-6a48-7580-b4c2-bf9acde79240
var_dump($uuid->toBase32());    // 01H44Q8TJ8EP0B9GNZKB6YF4J0

// Just a random ULID
$ulid = UuidParser::fromBase32('01H44RDYXJPFCF895N3BBXCZRC');
var_dump($ulid->isUuidV7Compatible()); // false
// $uuid = $ulid->toUuidV7(); // UnexpectedValueException: This ULID cannot be converted to UUID v7 losslessly
$uuid = $ulid->toUuidV7(lossy: true);
// note digit 13 becoming '7' and digit 17 moving into [89ab] range
var_dump($uuid->toString());    // 01890986-fbb2-73d8-b424-b51ad7d67f0c
var_dump($ulid->toRfc4122());   // 01890986-fbb2-b3d8-f424-b51ad7d67f0c
var_dump($uuid->toBase32());    // 01H44RDYXJEFCB895N3BBXCZRC
var_dump($ulid->toString());    // 01H44RDYXJPFCF895N3BBXCZRC